Ocelot density in the caribbean slope of the Talamanca region, Costa Rica
 
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1
Proyecto de Conservación de Aguas y Tierras, ProCAT Internacional. Las Alturas, Coto Brus, Puntarenas, Costa Rica and Laboratorio de Ecología y Conservación de Fauna Silvestre, Instituto de Ecología, UNAM, Circuito ext. s/n anexo al Jardín Botánico, Cd. Universitaria México, D.F. C.P. 04510, México
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Proyecto de Conservación de Aguas y Tierras, ProCAT Internacional. Las Alturas, Coto Brus, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
Publish date: 2012-02-23
 
Hystrix It. J. Mamm. 2011;22(2)
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ABSTRACT
Ocelot Leopardus pardalis is one of the most widespread species in America. Nevertheless, its ecology, distribution and population status are not well known in several countries, including Costa Rica. Here we present the first published population density estimations in Costa Rica and the first effort for the Caribbean slope of the country. Using camera-trapping, we estimated ocelot density through capture-recapture analysis within the Talamanca-Caribbean Biological Corridor. An abundance of 8 and 5 individuals were estimated by Mo and Mh models, respectively. Based on previous home-range studies, three Effective Sampling Areas (ESA) were used to estimate absolute density. Density was calculated in 8.95, 10.33 and 11.61 individuals (Mo model) and 5.59, 6.45 and 7.25 (Mh model) individuals × 100 km-2 for the maximum, mean and minimum ESA estimates, respectively. Gross extrapolations of the expected population size indicate a low abundance and codependence between the corridor and surrounding areas for the long term maintenance of the species in the region.
eISSN:1825-5272
ISSN:0394-1914