Pup feeding habits of a mixed wolf-hybrid pack living in a human-modified landscape in Central Italy
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Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa
Interdepartmental Centre of Agro-Environmental Research “Enrico Avanzi”, University of Pisa
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Online publication date: 2023-10-30
Publication date: 2023-10-30
Corresponding author
Francesca Coppola   

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa
Hystrix It. J. Mamm. 2023;34(2):144-146
A medium-sized mammals selection as food diet for pup performed by adult wolves has been previously hypothesized. In this work the diet of wolf pups living in an anthropic area in Italy has been investigated to assess which prey potentially played a key role in their sustenance. Although wild ungulates were the main prey category for both pups and adults a significantly high occurrence of medium-size mammals (hare and coypu) and birds in pup diet has been recorded. Such result could confirm a selective food provision by adult wolves. Further investigations to assess the importance of this kind of prey for pup survival are desirable.
Authors wish to thank Dr. Augusto Loni for the entomological support and all farmers involved in this investigation for allow the authors to enter their fenced areas to perform the study. Authors also thank anonymous reviewers and Editor for their valuable suggestions that greatly improved this work.
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