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Differential response to fire by introduced and endemic species complicates endangered species conservation


Abstract


Fire is a natural component of and serves as a tool for the restoration of forested ecosystems worldwide; however, disturbance due to fire also has been implicated in the proliferation of invasive species.  How these fires affect occupancy and use of the forest by wildlife is of great concern, in particular, the differential response of non-native and native species.  In the American Southwest, prior to European settlement, frequent wildfires helped to maintain forest structure.  We examined the effect of a large wildfire on an introduced population of the Abert’s squirrel (Sciurus aberti) that has invaded the high elevations inhabited by the critically endangered Mt. Graham red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis).  We found that introduced Abert’s squirrels were more common than native red squirrels in burned areas. Abert’s squirrels did not abandon burned areas but nested, foraged, and tended to have small home ranges in burned areas.  This suggests that invasive Abert’s squirrels are better able to exploit burned areas than are native red squirrels and that fire can favor non-native species.  This interaction between non-native species, native species, and fire adds new insight into the complexities of conservation and restoration of ecosystems and helps to inform conservation activities worldwide.


Keywords


Sciuridae; Abert’s squirrel; red squirrel; non-native species; invasive species; fire; Arizona

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4404/hystrix-27.2-11447

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Copyright (c) 2016 Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy

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Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy ISSN 1825-5272 (electronic version) 0394-1914 (printed version) Impact Factor (2015) 4.333, SNIP (2014) 1.01.
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